Tibet has an area of 1,200,000 square kilometers, with most of its land having an average elevation of 4000m above sea level, and hence is called the roof of the world.
Tibet lies in the south-west part of PR China and borders with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang provinces of China to the north, with India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma to the south and east and bounded by Kashmir on the west.
Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three major regions, the east, north and south. The eastern region is mostly forested, occupying approximately one-fourth of the land of Tibet. Virgin forests run through the entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep are in abundant. This forms approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is mostly agricultural region and occupies about one-fourth of Tibet's land area. All major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse and Tsetang are located in this area, and hence is the cultural, economical and spiritual center of Tibet.
Tibet has several extremely beautiful lakes like Manasarovar, Namtso, Yamdrok Tso etc and some of the world's heist mountains like Mt Shishapangma, Gurlamandhata and Mt Everest. (Mt Everest forms boarder between Nepal and Tibet and the northern /eastern face of Mt Everest lies in Tibet).
Tibet is administratively divided into one municipality (Lhasa) and six prefectures - Shigatse, Ngari, Lhaoka, Chamdo, Nakchu and Nyingtri (kongpo). The People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region exercises the highest administrative authority in Tibet.
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